[Mariana Flores] How Lived Women in Rome

Mariana Flores - Women of Rome

As her nephew attempted to stab Commodus, he shouted, “Here is the dagger the senate sends you!” This was ample warning to Commodus’ guards. Commodus had them executed in 182 AD.

A character based on Lucilla appears in the movie Gladiator.

Mariana Flores - Women of Rome
Mariana Flores – Women of Rome

Aurelia Cotta, who lived from 120 to 54 BC, was the mother of Julius Caesar. She was the one in charge of raising Caesar along with his two sisters (both named Julia – one the future grandmother of Augustus). She and her family lived in the Subura, a working class district in Rome, which was unusual for a highborn patrician family. She also raised Caesar’s daughter Julia after his wife Cornelia Cinna died. Aurelia was considered intelligent and independent. When Caesar was nearly executed at age 18 by the dictator Sulla, for refusing to divorce Cornelia Cinna, it was Aurelia who intervened. She headed a petition to Sulla that succeeded in saving her son’s life.

Cornelia Africana was the daughter of Scipio Africanus, famous for his victory against Hannibal in the Second Punic War. She died at age 90 in 100 BC and was remembered by the Romans as an exemplar of virtue. Out of the 12 children she had, only four survived. When her husband died, she did not remarry and took over the education of her children. When Tiberius and Gaius became involved in controversy because of their populist political reforms, they never lost the support of their mother. Eventually, she lost both her sons when they were killed on different occasions at the hands of the conservative senate. When Cornelia herself died, a statue was dedicated to her. Over time, Cornelia became an increasingly idealized figure, with emphasis switching from her own education and rhetorical skills to her image as the perfect Roman mother.

Mariana Flores -  Important women of history
Mariana Flores – Important women of history

-Mariana Flores